This US company made an autonomous robot that installs solar panels

This US company made an autonomous robot that installs solar panels

As the demand for renewable energy continues to grow, companies are exploring innovative ways to make the installation process more efficient and cost-effective. Sarcos Technology and Robotics (Nasdaq: STRC and STRCW) is one such company that has developed an autonomous robot for installing solar panels. The company plans to commercially launch this robot in 2024 after achieving final validation from the US Department of Energy (DOE) for its project, known as the Outdoor Autonomous Manipulation of Photovoltaic Panels (O-AMPP). With the increasing need for solar installations to meet climate targets, this autonomous robot could play a significant role in revolutionizing the solar industry.

The O-AMPP Project and Field Trials

The O-AMPP project by Sarcos Technology and Robotics officially began in 2021 and received a grant of $1.9 million from the Solar Energy Technologies Office of the US DOE. During the field trial phase, Sarcos collaborated with builder Mortenson, lift company JLG Industries, solar tracker firm Array Technologies, and engineering and product development firm Pratt Miller at a Mortenson project site. The goal was to test the efficiency and effectiveness of the autonomous robot in real-world conditions.

The Sarcos Robotic Solar Module Installation Solution

The Sarcos Robotic Solar Module Installation Solution comprises of two autonomous vehicles – the Guardian XM intelligent manipulator robot and an autonomous delivery vehicle. The Guardian XM robot is responsible for the actual installation of solar panels, while the delivery vehicle optimizes the flow of panels from delivery to installation. The system uses computer vision and AI software to deliver, detect, lift, and place solar panels accurately.

How O-AMPP Can Revolutionize Solar Installations

The O-AMPP system by Sarcos Technology and Robotics has the potential to significantly improve the efficiency of solar panel installations. According to Sarcos, this autonomous robot can reduce the time it takes to construct a new solar farm by almost 40%. This can result in substantial cost savings and increased productivity, making solar installations more feasible and attractive for businesses and homeowners alike.

The Need for Increased Solar Installations

The push for renewable energy has gained significant momentum in recent years, with the Biden administration setting ambitious climate targets for solar energy generation. The Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) estimates that annual solar installations need to increase by 60% between now and 2030 to meet the goal of solar supplying 30% of US electricity generation by 2030. However, the US solar industry employed only approximately 230,000 workers in 2020, and an anticipated workforce expansion of nearly 900,000 new workers will be needed to meet the solar targets. This presents a potential worker shortfall, which can be mitigated by the use of robotic technology in solar installations.

Benefits of Robotic Technology in Solar Installations

The use of autonomous robots like the one developed by Sarcos Technology and Robotics can bring several benefits to the solar industry. Some of the key advantages include:

  1. Increased Efficiency: The autonomous robot can work tirelessly without breaks, reducing the time required for solar panel installations and increasing overall productivity.
  2. Cost Savings: With reduced labor costs and increased efficiency, using autonomous robots for solar installations can result in significant cost savings for businesses and homeowners.
  3. Improved Safety: Solar panel installations can be physically demanding and risky for human workers. The use of robots can minimize the risk of accidents and injuries, creating a safer work environment.
  4. Addressing Worker Shortfall: The anticipated workforce expansion in the solar industry to meet the climate targets presents a potential worker shortfall. Robotic technology can help fill this gap and ensure smooth solar rollout without delays.
  5. Precision and Accuracy: The use of computer vision and AI in the autonomous robot ensures precise and accurate installation of solar panels, minimizing errors and rework.
  6. Scalability: Autonomous robots can be easily scaled up or down to meet the demand for solar installations, making it a flexible solution for large-scale projects.
  7. Sustainability: As solar energy is a renewable source of power, the use of autonomous robots for solar installations aligns with the goal of achieving a more sustainable and environmentally friendly energy source.

Future Implications

The development of autonomous robots for solar installations has significant implications for the future of the renewable energy industry. With the potential to reduce costs, improve efficiency, enhance safety, and address workforce challenges, this technology could accelerate the adoption of solar energy as a mainstream power source. It could also drive innovation in other areas of renewable energy installations, such as wind turbines and energy storage systems.


The autonomous robot developed by Sarcos Technology and Robotics for solar panel installations has the potential to revolutionize the solar industry. With increased efficiency, cost savings, improved safety, and the ability to address workforce challenges, this technology could play a critical role in meeting the growing demand for renewable energy. As the world continues to prioritize sustainability and renewable energy sources, advancements in robotic technology like the one developed by Sarcos could pave the way for a cleaner and greener future.